Illustrated Octateuch Manuscripts A Byzantine Phenomenon John Lowden
This volume contains selected papers from a December 2006 Dumbarton Oaks
symposium that complemented an exhibition of early Bible manuscripts at
the Freer Gallery and Sackler Gallery of Art titled “In the Beginning:
Bibles before the Year 1000.” Speakers were invited to examine the use
of the Greek Old Testament as a text, social practice, and cultural
experience in the Byzantine Empire. Not only are reminiscences of the
Old Testament ubiquitous in Byzantine literature and art, but the
Byzantine people also revered and identified with Old Testament role
models. The Old Testament connected Byzantium not only with its
Christian neighbors but with Jewish and Muslim peoples as well. This
widespread phenomenon has never received systematic investigation. The Old Testament in Byzantium
considers the manifestations of the holy books in Byzantine manuscript
illustration, architecture, and government, as well as in Jewish Bible
translations and the construction of Muhammad’s character. Click here to read the article
The Harbour of Eleutherios (Greek: λιμήν Ἐλευθερίου), later known as the Harbour of Theodosius (Greek: λιμήν Θεοδοσίου, Latin: Portus Theodosiacus) was one of the ports of ancient Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, located beneath the modern Yenikapi neighbourhood of Istanbul, Turkey.
The harbour was located on the south side of the peninsula where the city is built, facing towards the Sea of Marmara. The other harbours of the city were the Harbour of Julian and the small harbour of the Boukoleon Palace, likewise on the southern shore, and the harbours of Neorion and Prosphorion on the northern side. The harbour was built in the late 4th century during the reign of Theodosius I, and was the city's major point of trade in Late Antiquity. The area was later transformed for agricultural use due to the effects of erosion and silting. In Ottoman times, the area was built over.
Dumbarton Oaks has made available I .Shahid's book on Rome and the Arabs. Click here to download
The Arabs played an important role in Roman-controlled Oriens in the four centuries or so that elapsed from the Settlement of Pompey in 64 B.C. to the reign of Diocletian, A.D. 284–305. In Rome and the Arabs Irfan Shahîd explores this extensive but poorly known role and traces the phases of the Arab-Roman relationship, especially in the climactic third century, which witnessed the rise of many powerful Roman Arabs such as the Empresses of the Severan Dynasty, Emperor Philip, and the two rulers of Palmyra, Odenathus and Zenobia. Philip the Arab, the author argues, was the first Christian Roman emperor and Abgar the Great (ca. 200 A.D.) was the first Near Eastern ruler to adopt Christianity. In addition to political and military matters, the author also discusses Arab cultural contributions, pointing out the role of the Hellenized and Romanized Arabs in the urbanization of the region a…
A recipe of delicious Byzantine vegan food from a manuscript at the British Library:
One of our Byzantine Greek service books, a collection of lessons for the Saturdays and Sundays of Lent, contains a very special recipe: not only is it completely vegan, it is said to have been received directly from Heaven. The short note is preserved in a lection for the first Saturday of the Great Lent which records the miraculous revelation of the new recipe as follows.
“Koliva is wheat kernels boiled soft and sweetened with honey, sesame seeds, almonds, ground walnuts, cinnamon, pomegranate seeds, raisins and anise.' When the archbishop inquired who is the provider of the new recipe , his visitor simply answered, 'I am Theodore the Martyr of Christ whom he has now sent to you to reveal this and provide new food for his people.'Read here the whole story